Elsa Maxwell, internationally known party-giver, (b.1883)
Zasu Pitts, Amer. film actress, (b.1900)Edith Piaf, Fr. chanteuse, (b.1916)
Winfried Zillig, Ger. composer, (b.1905)
Georges Braque, (b.1882)
David Low, Brit. cartoonist, (b.1891)
Robert Frost, Amer. poet, (b.1874)
Gustaf Grundgens, Ger. actor and producer, (b.1899),br.Jean Cocteau, (b.1889)
Aldous Huxley, (b.1894)
Jacob Shubert, theater owner, (b.1880)
Monty Woolley, Amer. actor, (b.1888)


Earthquake in Skopje, Yugoslavia, kills about 1,100

Greek liner Lakonia sinks in North Atlantic; 150 lives lost.

Major religions; 890 million Christians;....200 million Buddhists;.... 365 million Hindus;....13 million Jews

"Credibility gap" becomes evident between the truth and official reports of events in Cuba, Vietnam, and elsewhere.

By Feb., U.S. unemployment reaches 6.1 per cent.

Sonny Liston retains his heavyweight boxing crown when he again knocks out Floyd Patterson in the first round.

A hurricane and resulting tsunamis leave about 22,000 dead in E. Pakistan; an estimated 4,000 die in Cuba and Haiti in a hurricane.


Russ. Valentina Tereshkova makes a three day flight in space, becoming the first female astronaut.

U.S. astronaut Gordon Cooper completes 22 orbits in Atlas rocket

T.A. Matthews and A.R. Sandage discover quasars

Artificial heart to take over the circulation of a patient's blood during heart surgery.


Popular songs

"Those Lazy, Hazy, Crazy Days of Summer"...."Danke Schoen"...."Call Me Irresponsible"...."Eighteen Yellow Roses"


Leonardo da Vinci's "Mona Lisa" exhibited in New York and Washinton, D.C.

Museum of Modern Art, New York, holds retrospetive exhibit of works by Hans Hofmann

Andy Warhol, Robert Rauschenberg, Jasper Johns, and other artists are represented in New York's Guggenheim Museum show of pop art, featuring pop cans, comic-strip-style silk screens, inflatable sculpture, etc.

"The Silence" (Ingmar Bergman)...."The Cardinal" (Preminger)...."Tom Jones" Acadamy Award (Richardson) ...."The Leopard" (Visconti)...."Irma La Douce" (Wilder)...."The Birds" (Hitchcock)...."Dr. Strangelove" (Kubrick and Sellers)


JRobert Frost: "In The Clearing"
Jessica Mitford: "The American Way of Death"
Iris Murdoch: "The Unicorn"
John Updike: "The Centaur"
Rolf Hochhuth: "The Deputy"
Morris L. West: "The Shoes of the Fisherman"
John Le Carre: "The Spy Who Came in Fron the Cold"


De Gaulle objects to Britain's entry into Common Market; Britain rejected.

Profumo crisis: the Secretary of State for War makes a personal statement in Commons; he resigns, admitting untruthfulness of statement; Stephen Ward found guilty of living on immoral earnings of Christine Keeler and others, commits suicide
Winston Churchill becomes honorary citizen of the U.S.

Riots, beatings by Whites and police, and maltreatment by officials mark civil rights demonstrations in Birmingham, Alabama, culmiting in arrest of Martin Luther King and in President Kennedy's calling out of 3,000 troops.

U.S.and U.S.S.R. agree on "hot line" from the White House to the Kremlin

Nuclear testing ban is signed by U.S., U.S.S.R., and Great Britain

200,000 "Freedom Marchers" Blacks and Whites, descend on Washington to demonstrate

Buddhist-led military coup overthrows government of S. Vietnam; U.S. sends financial and economic aid.

President John F.Kennedy assassinated by Lee Harvey Oswald in Dallas, Texas, Nov. 22; Lyndon B. Johnson sworn in as president.
Lee Harvey Oswald shot and killed by Jack Ruby as America watches on TV.